The Presidency of the Council of the European Union is organized according to a rotation system on the basis of which each Member State exercises this function for a six-month period. Every year, therefore, from January to June and from July to December, two Member States succeed each other at the helm of the Presidency. See, in this regard, the Council Decision of 1 January 2007.
During "its" semester, each Presidency seeks to achieve the objectives it has set itself when it presents its political and legislative priorities and organizes, alongside its main activity, a series of seminars and cultural events.
The Heads of State and/or Government of the European Union and the President of the European Commission meet four times a year in the "European Council" where the general guidelines of EU policy are defined. The decisions taken at the meetings of the European Council offer a strong impetus to the definition of the general political guidelines of the European Union.