Seconded National Experts (SNEs) are civil servants recruited by European institutions for a maximum period of six years, with the double objective of gaining further knowledge of EU mechanisms while providing the EU with their expertise. They are submitted to the operating rules in force in the hosting EU institution.
SNEs must be national of an EU or EFTA (European Free Trade Association) Member State or an acceding country which has concluded a specific agreement with the Commission on staff secondments.
For recruiting national experts, European institutions publish vacancy notices regularly providing Member States ‘ Permanent Representations in Brussels with relevant information.
In Italy, the selection procedure is governed by Prime Minister’s Decree No. 184 of 2014, regulating secondment of civil servants to the European Union, International Organizations and Foreign States.
According to such regulation, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (MAECI) is assigned the task of informing public authorities, in agreement with the Department for European Policies (DPE) , managing the SNE database, evaluating applications and forwarding them to the European institutions.
In order to encourage Italian public officers to reply to EU vacancy notices, the DPE , in cooperation with the MAECI and the Department of Civil Service, ensures monitoring of priority areas in which the assignment of civil servants is considered of national interest.SNEs , Seconded National Experts